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Bulbul, Gul

All People
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory staff

selected publications

  • article

    • Bulbul, Esra, Kraft, Ralph, Nulsen, Paul, Freyberg, Michael, Miller, Eric D., Grant, Catherine, Bautz, Mark W., Burrows, David N., Allen, Steven, Eraerds, Tanja, Fioretti, Valentina, Gastaldello, Fabio, Ghirardini, Vittorio, Hall, David, Meidinger, Norbert, Molendi, Silvano, Rau, Arne, Wilkins, Dan, and Wilms, Joern. 2020. "Characterization of the Particle-induced Background of XMM-Newton EPIC-pn: Short- and Long-term Variability." The Astrophysical Journal 891:13. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab698a 2020
    • Constraining the origin and models of chemical enrichment in galaxy clusters using the Athena X-IFUAstronomy and Astrophysics.  642:A90. 2020
    • Sicilian, Dominic, Cappelluti, Nico, Bulbul, Esra, Civano, Francesca, Moscetti, Massimo, and Reynolds, Christopher S. 2020. "Probing the Milky Way's Dark Matter Halo for the 3.5 keV Line." The Astrophysical Journal 905:146. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/abbee9 2020
    • Xie, C., van Weeren, Reinout J., Lovisari, L., Andrade-Santos, Felipe, Botteon, A., Brüggen, M., Bulbul, Esra, Churazov, E., Clarke, T. E., Forman, William R., Intema, H. T., Jones, C., Kraft, Ralph P., Lal, D. V., Mroczkowski, T., and Zitrin, A. 2020. "The discovery of radio halos in the frontier fields clusters Abell S1063 and Abell 370." Astronomy and Astrophysics 636:A3. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201936953 2020
    • Nulsen, Susan, Kraft, Ralph, Germain, G., Dunn, William, Tremblay, Grant, Beegle, L., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Bulbul, Esra, Elsner, R., Hodyss, R., and Vance, S. 2020. "X-Ray Emission from Jupiter's Galilean Moons: A Tool for Determining Their Surface Composition and Particle Environment." The Astrophysical Journal 895:79. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab8cbc 2020
    • McDonald, M., Allen, S. W., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Mantz, A. B., Bayliss, M., Benson, B. A., Brodwin, M., Bulbul, Esra, Canning, R. E. A., Chiu, I., Forman, William R., Garmire, G. P., Gupta, N., Khullar, G., Mohr, J. J., Reichardt, C. L., and Schrabback, T. 2019. "A Detailed Study of the Most Relaxed SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters: Properties of the Cool Core and Central Galaxy." The Astrophysical Journal 870:85. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaf394 2019
    • Bocquet, S., Dietrich, J. P., Schrabback, T., Bleem, L. E., Klein, M., Allen, S. W., Applegate, D. E., Ashby, Matthew L. N., Bautz, M., Bayliss, M., Benson, B. A., Brodwin, M., Bulbul, Esra, Canning, R. E. A., Capasso, R., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Chiu, I., Cho, H. -M, Clocchiatti, A., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., de Haan, T., Desai, S., Dobbs, M. A. et al. 2019. "Cluster Cosmology Constraints from the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ Survey: Inclusion of Weak Gravitational Lensing Data from Magellan and the Hubble Space Telescope." The Astrophysical Journal 878:55. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab1f10 2019
    • Constraints on the chemical enrichment history of the Perseus Cluster of galaxies from high-resolution X-ray spectroscopyMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  483:1701-1721. 2019
    • Capasso, R., Saro, A., Mohr, J. J., Biviano, A., Bocquet, S., Strazzullo, V., Grandis, S., Applegate, D. E., Bayliss, M. B., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Brodwin, M., Bulbul, E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chiu, I., Dietrich, J. P., Gupta, N., de Haan, T., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Klein, M., von der Linden, A., McDonald, M., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Sharon, K. et al. 2019. "Galaxy kinematics and mass calibration in massive SZE-selected galaxy clusters to z = 1.3." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 482:1043-1061. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty2645 2019
    • Strazzullo, V., Pannella, M., Mohr, J. J., Saro, A., Ashby, Matthew L. N., Bayliss, M. B., Bocquet, S., Bulbul, Esra, Khullar, G., Mantz, A. B., Stanford, S. A., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Brodwin, M., Canning, R. E. A., Capasso, R., Chiu, I., Gonzalez, A. H., Gupta, N., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Klein, M., McDonald, M., Noordeh, E., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L. et al. 2019. "Galaxy populations in the most distant SPT-SZ clusters. I. Environmental quenching in massive clusters at 1.4 ≲ z ≲ 1.7." Astronomy and Astrophysics 622:A117. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201833944 2019
    • Bulbul, Esra, Foster, Adam, Brown, Gregory V., Bautz, Mark W., Beiersdorfer, Peter, Hell, Natalie, Kilbourne, Caroline, Kraft, Ralph, Kelley, Richard, Leutenegger, Maurice A., Miller, Eric D., Porter, F. Scott, and Smith, Randall K. 2019. "Laboratory Measurements of X-Ray Emission from Highly Charged Argon Ions." The Astrophysical Journal 870:21. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaee7d 2019
    • Khullar, G., Bleem, L. E., Bayliss, M. B., Gladders, M. D., Benson, B. A., McDonald, M., Allen, S. W., Applegate, D. E., Ashby, Matthew L. N., Bocquet, S., Brodwin, M., Bulbul, Esra, Canning, R. E. A., Capasso, R., Chiu, I., Crawford, T. M., de Haan, T., Dietrich, J. P., Gonzalez, A. H., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Hoekstra, H., Holzapfel, W. L., von der Linden, A., Mantz, A. B., Patil, S. et al. 2019. "Spectroscopic Confirmation of Five Galaxy Clusters at z > 1.25 in the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ Survey." The Astrophysical Journal 870:7. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaeed0 2019
    • Dietrich, J. P., Bocquet, S., Schrabback, T., Applegate, D., Hoekstra, H., Grandis, S., Mohr, J. J., Allen, S. W., Bayliss, M. B., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Brodwin, M., Bulbul, E., Capasso, R., Chiu, I., Crawford, T. M., Gonzalez, A. H., de Haan, T., Klein, M., von der Linden, A., Mantz, A. B., Marrone, D. P., McDonald, M., Raghunathan, S., Rapetti, D. et al. 2019. "Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect and X-ray scaling relations from weak lensing mass calibration of 32 South Pole Telescope selected galaxy clusters." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 483:2871-2906. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty3088 2019
    • Bulbul, Esra, Chiu, I. -non, Mohr, Joseph J., McDonald, Michael, Benson, Bradford, Bautz, Mark W., Bayliss, Matthew, Bleem, Lindsey, Brodwin, Mark, Bocquet, Sebastian, Capasso, Raffaella, Dietrich, Jörg P., Forman, Bill, Hlavacek-Larrondo, Julie, Holzapfel, W. L., Khullar, Gourav, Klein, Matthias, Kraft, Ralph, Miller, Eric D., Reichardt, Christian, Saro, Alex, Sharon, Keren, Stalder, Brian, Schrabback, Tim, and Stanford, Adam. 2019. "X-Ray Properties of SPT-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0.2 < z < 1.5 Observed with XMM-Newton." The Astrophysical Journal 871:50. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaf230 2019
    • Athena X-IFU synthetic observations of galaxy clusters to probe the chemical enrichment of the UniverseAstronomy and Astrophysics.  620:A173. 2018
    • Chiu, I., Mohr, J. J., McDonald, M., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Klein, M., Israel, H., Ashby, M. L. N., Stanford, A., Benson, B. A., Brodwin, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Annis, J., Bayliss, M., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Bulbul, E., Capasso, R., Carlstrom, J. E., Rosell, A. Carnero et al. 2018. "Baryon content in a sample of 91 galaxy clusters selected by the South Pole Telescope at 0.2 <z < 1.25." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 478:3072-3099. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty1284 2018
    • Hitomi Collaboration, Aharonian, Felix, Akamatsu, Hiroki, Akimoto, Fumie, Allen, Steven W., Angelini, Lorella, Audard, Marc, Awaki, Hisamitsu, Axelsson, Magnus, Bamba, Aya, Bautz, Marshall W., Blandford, Roger, Brenneman, Laura W., Brown, Gregory V., Bulbul, Esra, Cackett, Edward M., Chernyakova, Maria, Chiao, Meng P., Coppi, Paolo S., Costantini, Elisa, de Plaa, Jelle, de Vries, Cor P., den Herder, Jan-Willem, Done, Chris, Dotani, Tadayasu et al. 2018. "Detection of polarized gamma-ray emission from the Crab nebula with the Hitomi Soft Gamma-ray Detector." Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan 70:113. https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/psy118 2018
    • Measuring turbulence and gas motions in galaxy clusters via synthetic Athena X-IFU observationsAstronomy and Astrophysics.  618:A39. 2018
    • Cappelluti, Nico, Bulbul, Esra, Foster, Adam, Natarajan, Priyamvada, Urry, Megan C., Bautz, Mark W., Civano, Francesca, Miller, Eric, and Smith, Randall K. 2018. "Searching for the 3.5 keV Line in the Deep Fields with Chandra: The 10 Ms Observations." The Astrophysical Journal 854:179. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaaa68 2018
    • ZuHone, J. A., Miller, E. D., Bulbul, E., and Zhuravleva, I. 2018. "What Do the Hitomi Observations Tell Us About the Turbulent Velocities in the Perseus Cluster? Probing the Velocity Field with Mock Observations." The Astrophysical Journal 853:180. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aaa4b3 2018
    • van Weeren, R. J., Ogrean, G. A., Jones, C., Forman, W. R., Andrade-Santos, F., Pearce, Connor J. J., Bonafede, A., Brüggen, M., Bulbul, E., Clarke, T. E., Churazov, E., David, L., Dawson, W. A., Donahue, M., Goulding, A., Kraft, R. P., Mason, B., Merten, J., Mroczkowski, T., Nulsen, P. E. J., Rosati, P., Roediger, E., Randall, Scott W., Sayers, J., Umetsu, K. et al. 2017. "Chandra and JVLA Observations of HST Frontier Fields Cluster MACS J0717.5 3745." The Astrophysical Journal 835:197. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/835/2/197 2017
    • Aharonian, F. A., Akamatsu, H., Akimoto, F., Allen, S. W., Angelini, L., Arnaud, K. A., Audard, M., Awaki, H., Axelsson, M., Bamba, A., Bautz, M. W., Blandford, R. D., Bulbul, E., Brenneman, L. W., Brown, G. V., Cackett, E. M., Chernyakova, M., Chiao, M. P., Coppi, P., Costantini, E., de Plaa, J., den Herder, J. -W, Done, C., Dotani, T., Ebisawa, K. et al. 2017. "Hitomi Constraints on the 3.5 keV Line in the Perseus Galaxy Cluster." Astrophysical Journal Letters 837:L15. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa61fa 2017
    • McDonald, M., Allen, S. W., Bayliss, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Brodwin, M., Bulbul, E., Carlstrom, J. E., Forman, W. R., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Garmire, G. P., Gaspari, M., Gladders, M. D., Mantz, A. B., and Murray, S. S. 2017. "The Remarkable Similarity of Massive Galaxy Clusters from z ˜ 0 to z ˜ 1.9." The Astrophysical Journal 843:28. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa7740 2017
    • Pearce, C. J. J., van Weeren, R. J., Andrade-Santos, F., Jones, C., Forman, W. R., Brüggen, M., Bulbul, E., Clarke, T. E., Kraft, R. P., Medezinski, E., Mroczkowski, T., Nonino, M., Nulsen, P. E. J., Randall, S. W., and Umetsu, K. 2017. "VLA Radio Observations of the HST Frontier Fields Cluster Abell 2744: The Discovery of New Radio Relics." The Astrophysical Journal 845:81. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa7e2f 2017
    • Bayliss, Matthew B., Zengo, Kyle, Ruel, Jonathan, Benson, Bradford A., Bleem, Lindsey E., Bocquet, Sebastian, Bulbul, Esra, Brodwin, Mark, Capasso, Raffaella, Chiu, I. -non, McDonald, Michael, Rapetti, David, Saro, Alex, Stalder, Brian, Stark, Antony A., Strazzullo, Veronica, Stubbs, Christopher W., and Zenteno, Alfredo. 2017. "Velocity Segregation and Systematic Biases In Velocity Dispersion Estimates with the SPT-GMOS Spectroscopic Survey." The Astrophysical Journal 837:88. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa607c 2017
    • Ogrean, G. A., van Weeren, R. J., Jones, C., Forman, W., Dawson, W. A., Golovich, N., Andrade-Santos, F., Murray, Stephen S., Nulsen, P., Roediger, E., Zitrin, A., Bulbul, E., Kraft, R., Goulding, A., Umetsu, K., Mroczkowski, T., Bonafede, A., Randall, Scott W., Sayers, J., Churazov, E., David, L., Merten, J., Donahue, M., Mason, B., Rosati, P. et al. 2016. "Frontier Fields Clusters: Deep Chandra Observations of the Complex Merger MACS~J1149.6 2223." The Astrophysical Journal 819:113. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/113 2016
    • Bulbul, Esra, Randall, Scott W., Bayliss, Matthew, Miller, Eric, Andrade-Santos, Felipe, Johnson, Ryan, Bautz, Mark, Blanton, Elizabeth L., Forman, William R., Jones, Christine, Paterno-Mahler, Rachel, Murray, Stephen S., Sarazin, Craig L., Smith, Randall K., and Ezer, Cemile. 2016. "Probing the Outskirts of the Early-Stage Galaxy Cluster Merger A1750." The Astrophysical Journal 818:131. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/818/2/131 2016
    • Franse, Jeroen, Bulbul, Esra, Foster, Adam, Boyarsky, Alexey, Markevitch, Maxim, Bautz, Mark, Iakubovskyi, Dmytro, Loewenstein, Mike, McDonald, Michael, Miller, Eric, Randall, Scott W., Ruchayskiy, Oleg, and Smith, Randall K. 2016. "Radial Profile of the 3.5 keV Line Out to R200 in the Perseus Cluster." The Astrophysical Journal 829:124. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/829/2/124 2016
    • Bulbul, Esra, Markevitch, Maxim, Foster, Adam, Miller, Eric, Bautz, Mark, Loewenstein, Mike, Randall, Scott W., and Smith, Randall K. 2016. "Searching for the 3.5 keV Line in the Stacked Suzaku Observations of Galaxy Clusters." The Astrophysical Journal 831:55. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/831/1/55 2016
    • van Weeren, R. J., Ogrean, G. A., Jones, C., Forman, W. R., Andrade-Santos, F., Bonafede, A., Brüggen, M., Bulbul, E., Clarke, T. E., Churazov, E., David, L., Dawson, W. A., Donahue, M., Goulding, A., Kraft, R. P., Mason, B., Merten, J., Mroczkowski, T., Murray, Stephen S., Nulsen, P. E. J., Rosati, P., Roediger, E., Randall, Scott W., Sayers, J., Umetsu, K. et al. 2016. "The Discovery of Lensed Radio and X-Ray Sources behind the Frontier Fields Cluster MACS J0717.5 3745 with the JVLA and Chandra." The Astrophysical Journal 817:98. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/817/2/98 2016
    • McDonald, M., Bulbul, E., de Haan, T., Miller, E. D., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Brodwin, M., Carlstrom, J. E., Chiu, I., Forman, W. R., Hlavacek-Larrondo, J., Garmire, G. P., Gupta, N., Mohr, J. J., Reichardt, C. L., Saro, A., Stalder, B., Stark, Antony A., and Vieira, J. D. 2016. "The Evolution of the Intracluster Medium Metallicity in Sunyaev Zel'dovich-selected Galaxy Clusters at 0 > z > 1.5." The Astrophysical Journal 826:124. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/826/2/124 2016
    • Hitomi Collaboration, Aharonian, Felix, Akamatsu, Hiroki, Akimoto, Fumie, Allen, Steven W., Anabuki, Naohisa, Angelini, Lorella, Arnaud, Keith, Audard, Marc, Awaki, Hisamitsu, Axelsson, Magnus, Bamba, Aya, Bautz, Marshall, Blandford, Roger, Brenneman, Laura, Brown, Gregory V., Bulbul, Esra, Cackett, Edward, Chernyakova, Maria, Chiao, Meng, Coppi, Paolo, Costantini, Elisa, de Plaa, Jelle, den Herder, Jan-Willem, Done, Chris et al. 2016. "The quiescent intracluster medium in the core of the Perseus cluster." Nature 535:117-121. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18627 2016
    • Randall, Scott W., Nulsen, P. E. J., Jones, C., Forman, W. R., Bulbul, E., Clarke, T. E., Kraft, R., Blanton, E. L., David, L., Werner, N., Sun, M., Donahue, M., Giacintucci, S., and Simionescu, A. 2015. "A Very Deep Chandra Observation of the Galaxy Group NGC 5813: AGN Shocks, Feedback, and Outburst History." The Astrophysical Journal 805:112. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/805/2/112 2015
    • Ogrean, G. A., van Weeren, R. J., Jones, C., Clarke, T. E., Sayers, J., Mroczkowski, T., Nulsen, P. E. J., Forman, W., Murray, Stephen S., Pandey-Pommier, M., Randall, Scott W., Churazov, E., Bonafede, A., Kraft, R., David, L., Andrade-Santos, F., Merten, J., Zitrin, A., Umetsu, K., Goulding, A., Roediger, E., Bagchi, J., Bulbul, E., Donahue, M., Ebeling, H. et al. 2015. "Frontier Fields Clusters: Chandra and JVLA View of the Pre-merging Cluster MACS J0416.1-2403." The Astrophysical Journal 812:153. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/153 2015
    • Mroczkowski, T., Kovács, A., Bulbul, E., Staguhn, J., Benford, D. J., Clarke, T. E., van Weeren, R. J., Intema, H. T., and Randall, Scott W. 2015. "Resolving the Merging Planck Cluster PLCK G147.3-16.6 with GISMO." Astrophysical Journal Letters 808:L6. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/808/1/L6 2015
    • Bulbul, Esra, Markevitch, Maxim, Foster, Adam, Smith, Randall K., Loewenstein, Michael, and Randall, Scott W. 2014. "Detection of an Unidentified Emission Line in the Stacked X-Ray Spectrum of Galaxy Clusters." The Astrophysical Journal 789:13. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/789/1/13 2014
    • Paterno-Mahler, R., Randall, Scott W., Bulbul, E., Andrade-Santos, F., Blanton, E. L., Jones, C., Murray, S., and Johnson, R. E. 2014. "Merger Signatures in the Galaxy Cluster A98." The Astrophysical Journal 791:104. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/104 2014
    • A Measurement of the Kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Signal Toward MACS J0717.5 3745Astrophysical Journal.  778:52. 2013
    • Bulbul, G. Esra, Smith, Randall K., Foster, Adam, Cottam, Jean, Loewenstein, Michael, Mushotzky, Richard, and Shafer, Richard. 2012. "High-resolution XMM-Newton Spectroscopy of the Cooling Flow Cluster A3112." The Astrophysical Journal 747:32. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/747/1/32 2012
    • The effect of helium sedimentation on galaxy cluster masses and scaling relationsAstronomy and Astrophysics.  533:6. 2011