Michael G. Campana specializes in analysis of animal and pathogen genomics using a combination of ancient DNA and computational genomics. At the Smithsonian National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute's Center for Conservation Genomics (NZCBI), his research focuses on the genomics of lions, elephants, Hawaiian honeycreepers, avian malaria, and canids among others. Another primary research line has been the development of DNA capture assays to analyze variation in animal and pathogen populations over time and space. Campana developed BaitsTools, software for rapidly developing DNA capture assays. The software has now been applied to a variety of research projects including population genomics of Mariana crows, reedwarblers, and canids. The baits developed using the software has facilitated the analysis of DNA from non-ideal sources, such as museum specimens and fecal samples. Campana obtained his Bachelor of Arts from the University of Pennsylvania and his Master of Philosophy and doctorate from the University of Cambridge. He conducted post-doctoral research at Harvard University, the University of Zurich, and NZCBI. During his NZCBI post-doctoral research, Campana worked with Robert Fleischer, Jesús Maldonado and Bill McShea on a variety of post-doctoral research projects, including avian malaria, African wild dog and Hawaiian honeycreeper genomics and tick-borne pathogen detection.
Parker, Lillian D., Quinta, Jessica D., Rivera, Isabel, Cypher, Brian L., Kelly, Erica C., Campana, Michael G., Fleischer, Robert C., Boarman, Ryan, Boarman, William I., and Maldonado, Jesus E. 2022. "Genetic analyses are more sensitive than morphological inspection at detecting the presence of threatened Mojave desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) remains in canid scat and raven pellets." Conservation Science and Practice, https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.12689.
Parker, Lillian D., Campana, Michael G., Quinta, Jessica D., Cypher, Brian, Rivera, Isabel, Fleischer, Robert C., Ralls, Katherine, Wilbert, Tammy R., Boarman, Ryan, Boarman, William, I., and Maldonado, Jesus E. 2021. "An efficient method for simultaneous species, individual, and sex identification via in-solution single nucleotide polymorphism capture from low-quality scat samples." Molecular Ecology Resources, https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-0998.13552.
Campana, Michael G., Robles García, Nelly M., and Tuross, Noreen. 2015. "America's red gold: multiple lineages of cultivated cochineal in Mexico." Ecology and evolution, 5, (3) 607–617.
Campana, Michael G., McGovern, T., and Disotell, T. 2014. "Evidence for differential ancient DNA survival in human and pig bones from the Norse North Atlantic." International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 24, (6) 704–708.
Campana, Michael G., García, Nelly Robles, Rühli, Frank J., and Tuross, Noreen. 2014. "False positives complicate ancient pathogen identifications using high-throughput shotgun sequencing." BMC research notes, 7, (1) 111.
Campana, Michael G., Bower, Mim A., and Crabtree, Pam J. 2013. "Ancient DNA for the archaeologist: The future of African research." The African Archaeological Review, 30, (1) 21–37.
Warmuth, Vera M., Campana, Michael G., Eriksson, Anders, Bower, Mim, Barker, Graeme, and Manica, Andrea. 2013. "Ancient trade routes shaped the genetic structure of horses in eastern Eurasia." Molecular ecology, 22, (21) 5340–5351.
Campana, Michael G., Robinson, Terence, Campos, Paula F., and Tuross, Noreen. 2013. "Independent confirmation of a diagnostic sheep/goat peptide sequence through DNA analysis and further exploration of its taxonomic utility within the Bovidae." Journal of Archaeological Science, 40, (2) 1421–1424.
Li, R., Zhang, XM, Campana, Michael G., Huang, JP, Chang, ZH, Qi, XB, Shi, H., Su, B., Zhang, RF, and Lan, XY. 2013. "Paternal origins of Chinese cattle." Animal Genetics, 44, (4) 446–449.
Yue, XP, Qin, F., Campana, Michael G., Liu, DH, Mao, CC, Wang, XB, Lan, XY, Chen, H., and Lei, CZ. 2012. "Characterization of cytochrome b diversity in Chinese domestic horses." Animal Genetics, 43, (5) 624–626.
Campana, Michael G., Lister, DL, Whitten, CM, Edwards, CJ, Stock, F., Barker, G., and Bower, MA. 2012. "Complex relationships between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA preservation in historical DNA extracts." Archaeometry, 54, (1) 193–202.
Campana, Michael G., Stock, F., Barrett, E., Benecke, N., Barker, GWW, Seetah, K., and Bower, MA. 2012. "Genetic stability in the Icelandic horse breed." Animal Genetics, 43, (4) 447–449.
Carden, Ruth F., McDevitt, Allan D., Zachos, Frank E., Woodman, Peter C., O'Toole, Peter, Rose, Hugh, Monaghan, Nigel T., Campana, Michael G., Bradley, Daniel G., and Edwards, Ceiridwen J. 2012. "Phylogeographic, ancient DNA, fossil and morphometric analyses reveal ancient and modern introductions of a large mammal: the complex case of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Ireland." Quaternary Science Reviews, 42 74–84.
Oliveira, Hugo R., Campana, Michael G., Jones, Huw, Hunt, Harriet V., Leigh, Fiona, Redhouse, David I., Lister, Diane L., and Jones, Martin K. 2012. "Tetraploid wheat landraces in the Mediterranean basin: taxonomy, evolution and genetic diversity." PloS one, 7, (5).
Bower, M. A., Campana, Michael G., Nisbet, R. E. R., Weller, R., Whitten, M., Edwards, C. J., Stock, F., Barrett, E., O'Connell, T. C., and Hill, E. W. 2012. "Truth in the bones: resolving the identity of the founding elite thoroughbred racehorses." Archaeometry, 54, (5) 916–925.
Campana, Michael G., Hunt, HV, Jones, H., and White, J. 2011. "CorrSieve: software for summarizing and evaluating Structure output." Molecular ecology resources, 11, (2) 349–352.
Hunt, Harriet V., Campana, Michael G., Lawes, Matthew C., Park, Yong‐Jin, Bower, Mim A., Howe, Christopher J., and Jones, Martin K. 2011. "Genetic diversity and phylogeography of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) across Eurasia." Molecular ecology, 20, (22) 4756–4771.
Lei, CZ, Zhang, CM, Weining, S., Campana, Michael G., Bower, MA, Zhang, XM, Liu, L., Lan, XY, and Chen, H. 2011. "Genetic diversity of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene in Chinese native buffalo." Animal Genetics, 42, (4) 432–436.
Bower, MA, Campana, Michael G., Whitten, Mark, Edwards, CJ, Jones, H., Barrett, E., Cassidy, R., Nisbet, RER, Hill, EW, and Howe, CJ. 2011. "The cosmopolitan maternal heritage of the Thoroughbred racehorse breed shows a significant contribution from British and Irish native mares." Biology letters, 7, (2) 316–320.
Campana, Michael G., Bower, Mim A., Bailey, Melanie J., Stock, Frauke, O'Connell, Tamsin C., Edwards, Ceiridwen J., Checkley-Scott, Caroline, Knight, Barry, Spencer, Matthew, and Howe, Christopher J. 2010. "A flock of sheep, goats and cattle: ancient DNA analysis reveals complexities of historical parchment manufacture." Journal of Archaeological Science, 37, (6) 1317–1325.
Campana, Michael G., Whitten, C. Mark, Edwards, Ceiridwen J., Stock, Frauke, Murphy, Angela M., Binns, Matthew M., Barker, Graeme WW, and Bower, Mim A. 2010. "Accurate determination of phenotypic information from historic Thoroughbred horses by single base extension." Plos one, 5, (12).
Bower, Mim A., Campana, Michael G., Checkley‐Scott, Caroline, Knight, Barry, and Howe, Christopher J. 2010. "The potential for extraction and exploitation of DNA from parchment: a review of the opportunities and hurdles." Journal of the Institute of Conservation, 33, (1) 1–11.
Schoenemann, PT, Monge, J., Glotzer, LD, and Campana, Michael G. 2008. "The open research CT scan archive." British Institute of Radiology Newsletter, Spring Issue, 13–15.
Campana, Michael G. 2008. "The use of ancient microsatellites to detect past migrations." Archaeological review from Cambridge, 23, (2) 147–160.
Tuross, Noreen and Campana, Michael G. 2018. "Ancient DNA." In The Science of Roman History: Biology, Climate, and the Future of the Past. Sheidel, Walter, editor. 205–223. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bower, MA, Campana, Michael G., Downes, CS, Barrett, E., and Nisbet, RER. 2014. "The horse is man's wings: archaeology, genetics and the changing nature of the human-horse relationship in Central and East Asia." In Living in the Landscape: Essays in Honour of Graeme Barker. 235–254. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.