Education And Training
In his role within the Center for Species Survival at the Smithsonian Conservation and Biology Institute (SCBI), Paul Marinari is responsible for overseeing animal operations at the Front Royal, Virginia facility and working with senior staff to implement the facility's master plan. Marinari's major responsibilities also include ensuring that the growing animal collection is linked to sustainable population development through research and improved management, especially with the Conservation Centers for Species Survival (C2S2). He also works with other zoos, universities, state, federal, and tribal governments.
Marinari brings decades of wildlife conservation experience to SCBI. Over the last 20 years, he has worked for the National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Most notably, he was the on-site Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Black-Footed Ferret Conservation Center from 1996 until May, 2012. In this position, he played a major role in linking ex situ breeding initiatives with in situ reintroduction, including working with and bringing together many stakeholders as well as facilitating research. Marinari has also conducted collaborative research in reproductive biology, nutrition, genetics, enrichment, vaccine development, pre-reintroduction preparation and monitoring of reintroduced animals.
Marinari earned a Bachelor of Arts in biology and anthropology from the University of Delaware in 1987 and a Master of Science in zoology and physiology from the University of Wyoming in 1992 from his studies of the endangered black-footed ferret.
- Kliver, Sergei, Houck, Marlys L., Perelman, Polina L., Totikov, Azamat, Tomarovsky, Andrei, Dudchenko, Olga, Omer, Arina D., Colaric, Zane, Weisz, David, Aiden, Erez Lieberman, Chan, Saki, Hastie, Alex, Komissarov, Aleksey, Ryder, Oliver A., Graphodatsky, Alexander, Johnson, Warren E., Maldonado, Jesús E., Pukazhenthi, Budhan S., Marinari, Paul E., Wildt, David E., and Koepfli, Klaus-Peter. 2023. "Chromosome-length genome assembly and karyotype of the endangered black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes)." Journal of Heredity, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esad035. 2023
- Howell, Lachlan G., Mawson, Peter R., Comizzoli, Pierre, Witt, Ryan R., Frankham, Richard, Clulow, Simon, O'Brien, Justine K., Clulow, John, Marinari, Paul, and Rodger, John C. 2022. "Modeling genetic benefits and financial costs of integrating biobanking into the conservation breeding of managed marsupials." Conservation Biology, https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.14010. 2022
- Moraes, Rosana N., Laske, Timothy G., Leimgruber, Peter, Stabach, Jared A., Marinari, Paul E., Horning, Megan M., Laske, Noelle R., Rodriguez, Juan V., Eye, Ginger N., Kordell, Jessica E., Gonzalez, Marissa, Eyring, Tom, Lemons, Christopher, Helmick, Kelly E., Delaski, Kristina M., Ware, Lisa H., Jones, Julia C., and Songsasen, Nucharin. 2021. "Inside out: heart rate monitoring to advance the welfare and conservation of maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus)." Conservation Physiology, 9, (1). https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coab044. 2021
- Grace, Molly K., Akçakaya, H. Resit, Bennett, Elizabeth L., Brooks, Thomas M., Heath, Anna, Hedges, Simon, Hilton‐Taylor, Craig, Hoffmann, Michael, Hochkirch, Axel, Jenkins, Richard, Keith, David A., Long, Barney, Mallon, David P., Meijaard, Erik, Milner‐Gulland, E. J., Rodriguez, Jon Paul, Stephenson, P. J., Stuart, Simon N., Young, Richard P., Acebes, Pablo, Alfaro‐Shigueto, Joanna, Alvarez‐Clare, Silvia, Andriantsimanarilafy, Raphali Rodlis, Arbetman, Marina, Azat, Claudio et al. 2021. "Testing a global standard for quantifying species recovery and assessing conservation impact." Conservation Biology, https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13756. 2021
- Santymire, R. M., Ali, N., Marinari, Paul E., and Livieri, T. M. 2021. "Using hair cortisol analysis to understand the biological factors that affect black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) stress physiology." Conservation Physiology, 9, (1). https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coab033. 2021
- Santymire, Rachel M., Lavin, Shana R., Branvold-Faber, Heather, Kreeger, Julie, Che-Castaldo, Judy, Rafacz, Michelle, and Marinari, Paul E. 2020. "Influence of vitamin E and carcass feeding supplementation on fecal glucocorticoid and androgen metabolites in male black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes)." PLOS ONE, 15, (10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241085. 2020
- Lima, David Baruc Cruvinel, da Silva, Lucia Daniel Machado, Marinari, Paul, and Comizzoli, Pierre. 2020. "Long-Term Preservation of Testicular Tissue Integrity and Viability Using Vitrification in the Endangered Black-Footed Ferret (Mustela nigripes)." Animals, 10, (10) 1865–1865. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10101865. 2020
- Santymire, R. M., Lonsdorf, E., V., Lynch, C. M., Wildt, D. E., Marinari, P. E., Kreeger, S., and Howard, J. G. 2019. "Inbreeding causes decreased seminal quality affecting pregnancy and litter size in the endangered black-footed ferret." Animal Conservation, 22, (4) 331–340. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12466. 2019
- Howard, J. G., Lynch, C., Santymire, Rachel M., Marinari, Paul E., and Wildt, David E. 2016. "Recovery of gene diversity using long-term cryopreserved spermatozoa and artificial insemination in the endangered black-footed ferret." Animal Conservation, 19, (2) 102–111. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12229. 2016
- Wildt, D. E., Lynch, C., Santymire, R. M., and Marinari, P. E. 2016. "Recovery of gene diversity using long-term cryopreserved spermatozoa and artificial insemination in the endangered black-footed ferret: response to commentaries." Animal Conservation, 19, (2) 118–119. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12277. 2016
- Santymire, Rachel M., Lavin, Shana R., Branvold-Faber, Heather, Kreeger, Julie, and Marinari, Paul E. 2015. "Effect of dietary vitamin E and prey supplementation on semen quality in male black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes)." Theriogenology, 84, (2) 217–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.03.007. 2015
- Marinari, Paul E. 2012. "The Black-footed Ferret: Into the Night." WAZA Magazine, 13, 7–9. 2012
- Santymire, R. M., Marinari, Paul E., Kreeger, J. S., Wildt, David E., and Howard, JoGayle. 2007. "Slow cooling prevents cold-induced damage to sperm motility and acrosomal integrity in the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes)." Reproduction, Fertility, and Development, 19 652–663. 2007
- Santymire, Rachel M., Livieri, Travis M., Branvold-Faber, Heather, and Marinari, Paul E. 2014. "The Black-Footed Ferret: On the Brink of Recovery?" In Reproductive Sciences in Animal Conservation: Progress and Prospects. Holt, W. V., Brown, Janine L., and Comizzoli, Pierre, editors. 119–134. Berlin; Heidelberger Platz 3, D-14197 Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag Berlin. In Advances in Experimental Medicine adn Biology ; v. 753. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0820-2_7. 2014
- National Zoological Park Academic Department