John and Adrienne Mars Director, Smithsonian’s National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute
- Director , Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute 2021 -
- Associate Director, Animal Care Sciences, Smithsonian's National Zoo 2015 - 2021
- Deputy Director , Smithsonian's National Zoo 2020 - 2021
- Senior Curator/Curator Giant Pandas, Smithsonian's National Zoo 2008 - 2015
- Vice president of Animal Conservation, Association of Zoos and Aquariums 2004 - 2008
- Americas Transnational Region
- Asia Continent
- Australia Country
- Colombia Country
- Europe Continent
- Germany Country
- Guyana Country
- Italy Country
- Oceania Transnational Region
- Puerto Rico
- United States of America Country
- Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Country
Background And Education
Education And Training
- B.Sc. in Biology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
- M.Sc. in Zoology, Clemson University
- Ph.D. in Behavior, Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, University of Maryland
As the John and Adrienne Mars director of the Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute, Brandie Smith oversees the 163-acre Zoo facility in Washington, D.C.’s Rock Creek Park and the 3,200-acre Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute campus in Front Royal, Virginia. She is responsible for the operations of the public Zoo in Washington, D.C., which has approximately 1.8 million visitors a year, and manages the Zoo’s groundbreaking conservation biology research team that works in more than 30 countries. Smith also oversees educational programs, ticketed events and other public services and programs.
Smith joined the Smithsonian’s National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute’s animal care staff in 2008 and helped to revitalize the giant panda program by integrating excellence in animal care with the latest breakthroughs in reproductive biology. Her efforts to merge these two disciplines have contributed to the birth of three surviving cubs, Bao Bao in 2013, Bei Bei in 2015, and Xiao Qi Ji in 2020.
Prior to joining the Zoo, Smith spent 10 years as vice president of animal conservation at the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), where she was responsible for coordinating the cooperative conservation and scientific activities of more than 200 member institutions and nearly 1,000 animal programs. She facilitated the Animal Health Committee, Wildlife Conservation and Management Committee, Field Conservation Committee and Animal Data Committee.
During her tenure at AZA, Smith advanced multi-institution amphibian conservation efforts. She stewarded the creation of the Bushmeat Crisis Task Force, a coalition of more than 30 conservation organizations that, from 1999-2009, focused on identifying and supporting solutions to the bushmeat crisis in Africa and around the world. She also helped launch the Butterfly Conservation Initiative, jointly established by AZA and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2001, to engage zoos and aquariums in the recovery of federally listed butterfly species in the U.S.
Earlier in her career, Smith was a rhino keeper at the Dallas Zoo, a curatorial intern at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, and a behavioral research intern at the Pittsburgh Zoo. She is currently a member of the AZA’s Accreditation Commission and Small Population Management Advisory Group, as well as the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Conservation Planning Specialist Group.
Smith received her doctoral degree from the University of Maryland, where her research focused on how to manage large groups of animals — those that live in herds, flocks and tanks — where breeding pairs or individuals are difficult to identify and control. She has written many articles and book chapters on how zoos and aquariums can manage and conserve their animal collections, and she hopes that her research in population genetics will help increase the sustainability of both zoo and wild populations.
Research And Grants
- Moore, Donald, Bauer, Erika B., and Smith, Brandie. 2013. ""Animals First": Good Communication May Be the Missing Element in Nonhuman Animal Welfare Systems." Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 16, (4) 393–393. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888705.2013.827940. 2013
- Hutchins, Michael, Wiese, Robert J., and Smith, Brandie. 2018. "Introduction: Research in Zoos and Aquariums: Purpose, Justification, Utility and Welfare." In Scientific Foundation of Zoos and Aquariums: Their Role in Conservation and Research. Kaufman, Allison B., Bashaw, Meredith J., and Maple, Terry L., editors. 1–42. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108183147.001. 2018
- Association of Zoos & Aquariums AZA’s Accreditation Commission and Small Population Management Advisory Group
- National Zoological Park Academic Department