McCarthy, Michael C., Lattanzi, Valerio, Martinez, Oscar, Jr., Gauss, Jürgen, and Thorwirth, Sven. 2013. "Spectroscopic Detection and Structure of Hydroxidooxidosulfur (HOSO) Radical, an Important Intermediate in the Chemistry of Sulfur-Bearing Compounds." J.Phys.Chem.Lett. 4:4074-4079. https://doi.org/10.1021/jz4021537
The rotational spectrum of hydroxidooxidosulfur, HOSO, an intermediate of particular interest in the combustion of sulfur-rich fuels, has been determined to high accuracy from gas-phase measurements. Detection of specific isotopic species using isotopically enriched gases suggests that HOSO is formed in our discharge nozzle via the reaction H SO2 ( M) → HOSO ( M). A precise experimental r0 geometry has also been derived from the isotopic analysis; HOSO has a cis configuration, but the subtle structural question of its planarity remains unresolved. From the derived spectroscopic constants, in situ and remote sensing for this fundamental radical can now be undertaken in a variety of environments, including in combustion reactors, the troposphere of Earth, and Io, the innermost Galilean moon of Jupiter.