Ulloa, Carmen Ulloa, Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro, Beck, Stephan, Belgrano, Manuel J., Bernal, Rodrigo, Berry, Paul E., Brako, Lois, Celis, Marcela, Davidse, Gerrit, Forzza, Rafaela C., Gradstein, S. Robbert, Hokche, Omaira, Leon, Blanca, Leon-Yanez, Susana, Magill, Robert E., Neill, David A., Nee, Michael, Raven, Peter H., Stimmel, Heather, Strong, Mark T., Villasenor, Jose L., Zarucchi, James L., Zuloaga, Fernando O., and Jorgensen, Peter M. 2017. "An integrated assessment of the vascular plant species of the Americas." Science 358 (6370):1614- . https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao0398
The cataloging of the vascular plants of the Americas has a centuries-long history, but it is only in recent decades that an overview of the entire flora has become possible. We present an integrated assessment of all known native species of vascular plants in the Americas. Twelve regional and national checklists, prepared over the past 25 years and including two large ongoing flora projects, were merged into a single list. Our publicly searchable checklist includes 124,993 species, 6227 genera, and 355 families, which correspond to 33% of the 383,671 vascular plant species known worldwide. In the past 25 years, the rate at which new species descriptions are added has averaged 744 annually for the Americas, and we can expect the total to reach about 150,000.