Al-Awadhi, Fatma, Gao, Bowen, Rezaei, Mohammad A., Kwan, Jason C., Li, Chenglong, Ye, Tao, Paul, Valerie J., and Luesch, Hendrik. 2018. "Discovery, Synthesis, Pharmacological Profiling, and Biological Characterization of Brintonamides A-E, Novel Dual Protease and GPCR Modulators from a Marine Cyanobacterium." Journal of medicinal chemistry 61 (14):6364-6378. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00885
Five novel modified linear peptides named brintonamides A-E (1-5) were discovered from a marine cyanobacterial sample collected from Brinton Channel, Florida Keys. The total synthesis of 1-5 in addition to two other structurally related analogues (6 and 7) was achieved, which provided more material to allow rigorous biological evaluation and SAR studies. Compounds were subjected to cancer-focused phenotypic cell viability and migration assays and orthogonal target-based pharmacological screening platforms to identify their protease and GPCR modulatory activity profiles. The cancer related serine protease kallikrein 7 (KLK7) was inhibited to similar extents with an IC50 near 20 ?M by both representative members 1 and 4, which differed in the presence or lack of the N-terminal unit. In contrast to the biochemical protease profiling study, clear SAR was observed in the functional GPCR screens, where five GPCRs in antagonist mode (CCR10, OXTR, SSTR3, TACR2) and agonist mode (CXCR7) were modulated by compounds 1-7 to varying extents. Chemokine receptor type 10 (CCR10) was potently modulated by brintonamide D (4) with an IC50 of 0.44 ?M. We performed in silico modeling to understand the structural basis underlying the differences in the antagonistic activity among brintonamides toward CCR10. Because of the significance of KLK7 and CCR10 in cancer progression and metastasis, we demonstrated the ability of brintonamide D (4) at 10 ?M to significantly target downstream cellular substrates of KLK7 (Dsg-2 and E-cad) in vitro and to inhibit CCL27-induced CCR10-mediated proliferation and the migration of highly invasive breast cancer cells.