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HATS-70b: A 13 MJ Brown Dwarf Transiting an A Star




  • Zhou, George, Bakos, G. Á., Bayliss, D., Bento, J., Bhatti, W., Brahm, R., Csubry, Z., Espinoza, N., Hartman, J. D., Henning, T., Jordán, A., Mancini, L., Penev, K., Rabus, M., Sarkis, P., Suc, V., de Val-Borro, M., Rodriguez, Joseph E., Osip, D., Kedziora-Chudczer, L., Bailey, J., Tinney, C. G., Durkan, S., Lázár, J., Papp, I., et al


  • We report the discovery of HATS-70b, a transiting brown dwarf at the deuterium burning limit. HATS-70b has a mass of {M}p={12.9}-1.6+1.8 {M}Jup} and a radius of {R}p={1.384}-0.074+0.079 {R}Jup}, residing in a close-in orbit with a period of 1.89 days. The host star is a {M}\star =1.78+/- 0.12 {M}? A star rotating at v\sin {I}\star ={40.61}-0.35+0.32 {km} {{{s}}}-1, enabling us to characterize the spectroscopic transit of the brown dwarf via Doppler tomography. We find that HATS- 70b, like other massive planets and brown dwarfs previously sampled, orbits in a low projected-obliquity orbit with ? ={8.9}-4.5+5.6\circ . The low obliquities of these systems is surprising given all brown dwarf and massive planets with obliquities measured orbit stars hotter than the Kraft break. This trend is tentatively inconsistent with dynamically chaotic migration for systems with massive companions, though the stronger tidal influence of these companions makes it difficult to draw conclusions on the primordial obliquity distribution of this population. We also introduce a modeling scheme for planets around rapidly rotating stars, accounting for the influence of gravity darkening on the derived stellar and planetary parameters. The HATSouth network is operated by a collaboration consisting of Princeton University (PU), the Max Planck Institute für Astronomie (MPIA), the Australian National University (ANU), and the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC). The station at Las Campanas Observatory of the Carnegie Institute is operated by PU in conjunction with PUC, the station at the High Energy Spectroscopic Survey (H.E.S.S.) site is operated in conjunction with MPIA, and the station at Siding Spring Observatory (SSO) is operated jointly with ANU. This paper includes data gathered with the MPG 2.2 m and ESO 3.6 m telescopes at the ESO Observatory in La Silla. This paper includes data gathered with the 6.5 meter Magellan Telescopes located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile.

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Publication Date

  • 2019



Digital Object Identifier (doi)

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