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Long-period High-amplitude Red Variables in the KELT Survey Article uri icon

Authors

  • Arnold, R. Alex, McSwain, M. Virginia, Pepper, Joshua, Whitelock, Patricia A., Hernitschek, Nina, James, David J., Kuhn, Rudolf B., Lund, Michael B., Rodriguez, Joseph E., Siverd, Robert J. and Stassun, Keivan G.

abstract

  • We present a sample of 4132 Mira-like variables (red variables with long periods and high amplitudes) in the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope (KELT) survey. Of these, 376 are new Mira-like detections. We used Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) colors to identify candidate asymptotic giant branch stars. We searched for photometric variability among the candidate asymptotic giant branch stars and identified stars that show periodic variability. We selected variables with high amplitudes and strong periodic behavior using a Random Forest classifier. Of the sample of 4132 Mira-like variables, we estimate that 70%25 are Miras and 30%25 are semiregular (SR) variables. We also adopt the method of using (WRP-WK_s) versus (J-{Ks) colors in distinguishing between O-rich and C-rich Miras and find it to be an improvement over 2MASS colors.

publication date

  • 2020