Wojtusik, Jessye, Pennington, Parker, Songsasen, Nucharin, Padilla, Luis R., Citino, Scott B., and Pukazhenthi, Budhan S. 2016. "Pretreatment of Addra gazelle (Nanger dama ruficollis) spermatozoa with cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins improves cryosurvival." Cryobiology 73 (3):388-395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2016.08.012
Preserving genetic diversity of the critically endangered Addra gazelle (Nanger dama ruficollis) could be enhanced through the use of frozen-thawed sperm and artificial insemination. Our aim was to characterize Addra ejaculate traits and to assess the effects of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin (CLC) on sperm cryosurvival. Fresh ejaculates were treated with CLC (0, 0.5, 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 mg/ml) prior to cryopreservation. All males produced spermic ejaculates with >75% sperm motility. The mean ± SEM seminal volume, sperm concentration, percent motility, forward progression, and percent morphologically normal spermatozoa were 3.2 ± 0.3 ml, 1.2 ± 0.3 × 10(9), 75.82 ± 2.7%, 3.2 ± 0.3 (0-5 scale; 5 = most progressive), and 57.12 ± 3.8%, respectively. More than 92% contained an intact acrosome. There was no effect of time or in vitro incubation on progression or acrosomal integrity on thawed samples (P > 0.05). Spermatozoa pre-treated with 0.5 mg/ml CLC retained higher (P 0.05). Linearity (LIN) and straightness (STR) were different among samples after thawing. Results demonstrate treatment with CLC (0.5 mg/ml) protects Addra spermatozoa from cryo-damage. Reported advances will facilitate establishment of a frozen repository and support the genetic management of this critically endangered north African desert antelope.