Zahoor, Babar, Liu, Xuehua, Wu, Pengfen, Sun, Wanlong, Jia, Xiaodong, Lv, Zixin, Zhao, Xiangyu, He, Xiangbo, He, Baishuo, Cai, Qiong, and Songer, Melissa. 2021. "Activity pattern study of Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) in the Qinling Mountains, China, by using infrared camera traps." Environmental Science and Pollution Researchhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-12325-3
The study of activity patterns is important for understanding the capacity of animals for adapting their behavior based on their habitat conditions. Among bears, daily activity patterns are considered to be strongly influenced by regional climate conditions. We monitored the activity patterns (active vs. inactive) of the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) using infrared camera traps (from May 2013 to November 2016) in the Qinling Mountains, China. We used 125 photos, with 19,132 camera days from 55 camera locations. Based on relative independent capture (RIC), bears were found to be intensively active during June (5.86 /- 1.05 SE), July (8.45 /- 2.74), September (14.83 /- 6.13), and October (8.70 /- 3.43), with activity levels gradually decreasing beyond October. After this decline, activities eventually come to a halt when the bears enter in hibernation. We found that their hibernation period was shorter in the Qinling bears, with only 3 months of denning from January to March. Based on their daily patterns, bears were predominantly active during the daytime both in spring (70.83 /- 35.41%) and summer (52.09 /- 28.89%), but more active at twilight during autumn (51.12 /- 42.88%). We assumed that food preferences and food availability (due to warmer regional climatic conditions) might be responsible for such deviations in daily and monthly activity patterns.